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yo·ga

 (y??g?)n.

1. also Yoga An ascetic Hindu discipline involving controlled breathing, prescribed body positions, and meditation, with the goal of attaining a state of deep spiritual insight and tranquility.

2. A system of stretching and positional exercises derived from this discipline to promote good health, fitness, and control of the mind.

[Hindi, from Sanskrit yoga?, union, joining; see yeug- in Indo-European roots.]

yo?gic (-g?k) adj.

Word History: The word yoga comes from Sanskrit yoga?, "yoking, joining together" and by extension "harnessing of one's mental faculties to a purpose" and thus "yoga." The Sanskrit word descends from the Indo-European root *yeug-, "to join, yoke." In the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family, *yeug- developed into yuk-, represented in Old English by geoc, the ancestor of Modern English yoke. The root *yeug- is continued by words in most of the branches of the Indo-European language family, which indicates that the speakers of Proto-Indo-European used draft animals to pull their plows and draw their wagons.

yoga

(?j????)n(often capital)

1. (Philosophy) a Hindu system of philosophy aiming at the mystical union of the self with the Supreme Being in a state of complete awareness and tranquillity through certain physical and mental exercises

2. (Hinduism) a Hindu system of philosophy aiming at the mystical union of the self with the Supreme Being in a state of complete awareness and tranquillity through certain physical and mental exercises

3. (Philosophy) any method by which such awareness and tranquillity are attained, esp a course of related exercises and postures designed to promote physical and spiritual wellbeing. See Astanga yoga, Bikram yoga, hatha yoga, power yoga, raja yoga, Sivananda yoga

[C19: from Sanskrit: a yoking, union, from yunakti he yokes]

yogic adj

yo•ga

(?yo? g?)

n. (sometimes cap.)

1. a system of physical and mental disciplines practiced to attain control of body and mind, tranquillity, etc., esp. a series of postures and breathing exercises.

2. a school of Hindu philosophy using such a system to unify the self with the Supreme Being or ultimate principle.

[1810–20;

yo?gic, adj.

Yogism, Yoga

1. an orthodox Hindu philosophical system concerned with the liberation of the self from its noneternal elements or states.
2. any system of exercises and disciplines for achieving such liberation of self. — Yogi, Yogin, n.

See also:Hinduism

yoga


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From the sanscrit word for “union,” or “oneness,” yoga is a system of spiritual, mental and physical well-being and of which there are many types, including bakti, hatha, jnana, karma and raja. Yoga involves asanas and pranayama.

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