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Dr. Michael Satlow suggests that kiddushin is actually a loanword from the Greek legal term ekdosis, which refers to a bride's father handing over his daughter to her husband.
The Torahs word for betrothal is erusin, and its cognates appear throughout the Bible. The Mishnah, however, more often uses a different word: kiddushin.
In Cheshek Shlomo, Rabbi Pappenheim connects eitan to the biliteral root aleph-tav, which he further reduces to the monoliteral root tav. He explains that this root means connections and linking.
Rabbi Wertheimer explains that the greater Torah scholar a person becomes, the more effort he must exert on performing good deeds and not lose himself in the more theoretical world of study.
Shalom implies the cessation of hostilities, while sheket implies the cessation of any rush or toiling that force people to be constantly moving about.
Rabbi Pappenheim suggests that chomah is related to milchamah, as the main purpose of building a city wall is to protect its inhabitants from enemy warfare.
The Talmud (Kritut 9a) states that peta connotes shogeg (by mistake), while pitom could connote oness (by accident), meizid (on purpose), or shogeg. The Midrash (Sifrei to Numbers 6:9) disagrees.
The Shelah (1555-1630) writes that not everyone can be cognizant of their chayah and yechidah during their lifetimes. Only bnei aliyah (spiritually-elevated people) can connect with their chayah-yechidah.
In another famous Talmudic passage, the rabbis speak about taming the force of the Evil Inclination for idolatry, which took on the form of a lion made of fire.
Rabbi Mecklenberg writes that arisah is related to eres (bed): Just as dough consists of a mixture of flour and water, so too a beds mattress rest on a mixture of interplaced beams or planks.
Ultimately, when Antoninus pointed out that doing so would totally erase his progeny, Rebbe encouraged the Roman official to have mercy on his deviant daughter.
Rabbi Pinchas Eliyahu Horowitz (1765-1821) writes that Ophir is Peru, where large deposits of gold are supposedly concentrated.
The Torah stipulates that if one tries to transfer holiness from one animal to another, both the original animal and the new animal become consecrated.
Rabbi Dr. Ernest Klein explains that this word originally referred to a dot or speck on an otherwise pristine background and was later expanded to mean any type of blemish or defective imperfection.
The word yashar (straight) would seem to hold the opposite meaning of shirah, but Rabbi Shapiro notes that in rabbinic literature the two are linked.
In what is possibly a separate explanation, the Malbim writes that shirah is a more general term that can refer to song both in a religious sense and in a secular sense, while zimrah refers specifically to a religious song that speaks of G-ds praises.
Rabbi Shapira-Frankfurter discusses a third word for delay or late: hitmahmah. In his view, this word denotes a delay caused by moving slower than usual.
A fourth word for quiet is hass. This verb means making others quiet (i.e., hushing them). The etymology of this word might be an onomatopoeic adaptation of the sound used to quiet others (like shh ).
Rabbi Pappenheim traces the etymology of baz and bizah to the biliteral root bet-zayin, which refers to something unimportant.
A number of commentators explain that chefetz is a strong, physical type of desire while ratzon is a more subtle desire to do the right thing.
Printed from: https://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/jewish-columns/lashon-hakodesh/holy-matrimony-part-ii/2020/10/08/
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