Moreover, the reading from the Bible does not end with the Torah portion. After the Torah, a related section from the Prophets is read; this is called the haftarah (completion), since it completes the prescribed synagogue Scripture reading. The Brit Hadashah reports that in Natzeret (Nazareth) Yeshua was invited to read the haftarah, which that week was from the book of Isaiah, and he daringly applied the passage to himself5. In times past there was also a reading from the Writings section of the Bible, but this custom has fallen away.
Being called up to the bimah for the Torah reading is an honor. The Hebrew word for such an invitation is aliyah; it means going up. (The same word, aliyah, means immigrating to Israel, since it is a spiritual going up for a Jew to return to the land God gave to our people.) The first aliyah is given to a cohen (priest) if one is present, the second to a Levi (Levite) if present, and the rest to any Jew. The oleh (the person called up for an aliyah) recites the blessing, stands at the bimah while he or the baal-kore (pronounced baal ko raythe master reader) reads from the scroll; he then recites the closing blessing, remains standing there during the following aliyah, shakes hands all around, and then returns to his seat. In Orthodox Judaism only men are given aliyot; in Conservative and Reform Judaism both men and women may be called up.
1 Nehemiah 8:1
2 2 Chronicles 17:9
3 2 Kings 22:823:3
4 Acts 13:14-15
5 Luke 4:16-30
*Taken from the Complete Jewish Bible by David H. Stern. Copyright © 1998. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Messianic Jewish Publishers & Resources, 6120 Day Long Lane, Clarksville, MD 21029.